It is quite a thrill when you think of visiting a new country and experiencing different cultures. However the travelling has its darker side. This is because visiting a foreign country also means you are exposed to viruses and bacteria you may never have encountered in your home country. That is why travel vaccines are lifesavers for you.
Most travellers then feel quite unsettled when they factor in the issue of travel vaccines. The kind of booster jab you will receive before you travel is determined by the season in which you will be travelling and the geographical location of the place you will be visiting. This article will discuss some major diseases around the world that are of concern before you travel.
One such disease common in tropical surroundings, is Japanese Encephalitis which is spread by mosquitoes carrying the virus. Though its symptoms may not be very serious, it could cause problems like inflammation of the brain. Vaccination should be administered in 3 doses, 30 days before departure. The countries affected include; South East Asia, The Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Next is Malaria which is tropical disease passed to humans by Anopheles mosquitos. After a bite by an infected mosquito, symptoms will appear in the body from 10 days to 3 weeks and they include; flu-like symptoms, vomiting, nausea, general body weakness, fever and chills. Malaria prevention is done by administering a course of anti-malarial tabs 3weeks before you travel and continued 4 weeks after your return home. The regions that have this travel requirement include; Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.
Typhoid fever is a concern for people travelling abroad. Typhoid is got from contaminated food or water. Dirrhea, headache, and fever are among symptoms associated with this viral disease. This disease is dangerous. The travel jab is administered 30 days before the day of travelling. Apart from getting the jab, you should take care of the sources of food and water you take to ensure high standards of hygiene are observed. Central and South America, Africa, Asia and the Middle East are among the regions where typhoid is prevalent.
Yellow fever is another serious disease. This disease is only existent in Tropical South America and Sub-Saharan Africa. It is spread by mosquitoes. Vomiting, jaundice, headache, fever, and bleeding are among the serious symptoms that accompany this disease. Yellow fever can kill. In some countries, East Africa in particular, requires a certificate of inoculation before entry. The jab should be given 10 days before travel day and lasts for a decade.
It’s advisable to check into a good travel clinic so that you can prepare yourself adequately before traveling to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip